Here's an neat article that isn't wholly original but does a good job outlining the two main camps of goals (from my personal experience). OUTCOME BASED GOALS Vs. PROCESS BASED GOALS
Which are you? How do you know what you want? Do you sometimes have to "trick yourself" with a process?
This topic applies to more areas than first come to mind. For instance, in developing a treatment strategy for manual therapy clients. Depending on how the individual naturally views and experiences goals/outcomes/processes, etc the practitioner might have to help 'fence things in' surrounding what they consider progress. Illuminating the little victories of the process while still keeping aim at a larger goal can be tough and can sure feel like lots of extra work sometimes. But if one understands their own goal views and can blend with the perspective of the client - the road can be much less bumpy because the directions and destination are clear.
How else do you apply this concept?